A Process-Based Review of Mouse Models of Pulmonary Hypertension

PVRI Member Authors: Dr. Josh Fessel, Dr. Haiyang Tang, James West

Abstract

Genetically modified mouse models have unparalleled power to determine the mechanisms behind different processes involved in the molecular and physiologic etiology of various classes of human pulmonary hypertension (PH). Processes known to be involved in PH for which there are extensive mouse models available include the following: (1) Regulation of vascular tone through secreted vasoactive factors; (2) regulation of vascular tone through potassium and calcium channels; (3) regulation of vascular remodeling through alteration in metabolic processes, either through alteration in substrate usage or through circulating factors; (4) spontaneous vascular remodeling either before or after development of elevated pulmonary pressures; and (5) models in which changes in tone and remodeling are primarily driven by inflammation. PH development in mice is of necessity faster and with different physiologic ramifications than found in human disease, and so mice make poor models of natural history of PH. However, transgenic mouse models are a perfect tool for studying the processes involved in pulmonary vascular function and disease, and can effectively be used to test interventions designed against particular molecular pathways and processes involved in disease.

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Topics

Animal Models
Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling

Authors

Mita Das, Joshua Fessel, Haiyang Tang, James West

Published in:

Pulmonary Circulation Vol 2: No 4 cover image

December 2012

Pulmonary Circulation Vol 2: No 4

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