MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are molecules increasingly investigated for both diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. Whereas information about their role in the left ventricle has been studied for many years, there is scarce information about the right ventricle. We thus here review known details about the expression, regulation, and function of miRNAs in right heart diseases. Current identified therapeutic strategies using miRNA modulators to treat pulmonary hypertension and thus also having beneficial effects on the right ventricle are also discussed. Finally, the current knowledge about the diagnostic and predictive use of circulating miRNAs in patients with pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular failure is presented. There is strong hope that the increasing knowledge about miRNAs in the right heart will finally help to improve the treatment of patients with pulmonary and right ventricular heart diseases.