The role of wall shear stress in the assessment of right ventricle hydraulic workload

PVRI Member Authors: Srinivas Murali

Abstract

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a devastating disease affecting approximately 15–50 people per million, with a higher incidence in women. PH mortality is mostly attributed to right ventricle (RV) failure, which results from RV hypotrophy due to an overburdened hydraulic workload. The objective of this study is to correlate wall shear stress (WSS) with hemodynamic metrics that are generally accepted as clinical indicators of RV workload and are well correlated with disease outcome. Retrospective right heart catheterization data for 20 PH patients were analyzed to derive pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), arterial compliance (C), and an index of wave reflections (Γ). Patient-specific contrast-enhanced computed tomography chest images were used to reconstruct the individual pulmonary arterial trees up to the seventh generation. Computational fluid dynamics analyses simulating blood flow at peak systole were conducted for each vascular model to calculate WSS distributions on the endothelial surface of the pulmonary arteries. WSS was found to be decreased proportionally with elevated PVR and reduced C. Spatially averaged WSS (SAWSS) was positively correlated with PVR (R2 = 0.66), C (R2 = 0.73), and Γ (R2 = 0.5) and also showed promising preliminary correlations with RV geometric characteristics. Evaluating WSS at random cross sections in the proximal vasculature (main, right, and left pulmonary arteries), the type of data that can be acquired from phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging, did not reveal the same correlations. In conclusion, we found that WSS has the potential to be a viable and clinically useful noninvasive metric of PH disease progression and RV health. Future work should be focused on evaluating whether SAWSS has prognostic value in the management of PH and whether it can be used as a rapid reactivity assessment tool, which would aid in selection of appropriate therapies.

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Topics

Hemodynamics
Right Ventricle: Structure, Function and Dysfunction

Authors

Vitaly Kheyfets, Mirunalini Thirugnanasambandam, Lourdes Rios, Daniel Evans, Triston Smith, Theodore Schroeder, Jeffrey Mueller, Srinivas Murali, David Lasorda, Jennifer Spotti, Ender Finol

Published in:

Pulmonary Circulation Vol 5: No 1 cover image

March 2015

Pulmonary Circulation Vol 5: No 1

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