Left main bronchus compression due to main pulmonary artery dilatation in pulmonary hypertension: two case reports

PVRI Member Authors: Luke Howard


Pulmonary arterial dilatation associated with pulmonary hypertension may result in significant compression of local structures. Left main coronary artery and left recurrent laryngeal nerve compression have been described. Tracheobronchial compression from pulmonary arterial dilatation is rare in adults, and there are no reports in the literature of its occurrence in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. Compression in infants with congenital heart disease has been well described. We report 2 cases of tracheobronchial compression: first, an adult patient with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension who presents with symptomatic left main bronchus compression, and second, an adult patient with Eisenmenger ventricular septal defect and right-sided aortic arch, with progressive intermedius and right middle lobe bronchi compression in association with enlarged pulmonary arteries.

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Bronchial Circulation
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension


Shareen K. Jaijee, Ben Ariff, Luke Howard, Declan P. O’Regan, Wendy Gin-Sing, Rachel Davies, J. Simon R. Gibbs

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Pulmonary Circulation Vol 5: No 4 cover image

December 2015

Pulmonary Circulation Vol 5: No 4

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