The effects of pulmonary vasodilating agents on right ventricular parameters in severe group 3 pulmonary hypertension: a pilot study

Abstract

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)–approved vasodilators improve right ventricular (RV) function in patients with PAH. However, whether PAH-approved drugs ameliorate RV morphology and function in lung disease–associated pulmonary hypertension (lung-PH) remains unclear. We aimed to prospectively evaluate the changes in RV volume and ejection fraction (RVEF) in 14 consecutive severe lung-PH patients treated with PAH-approved vasodilators. Severe lung-PH was defined as a mean pulmonary arterial pressure (MPAP) of ≥35 mmHg or an MPAP of ≥25 mmHg with a cardiac index (L/min/m2) of <2. Right heart catheterization and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging were performed at baseline and at 3 months after starting sildenafil with or without other PAH-approved drugs. Follow-up was conducted at 3 months in 11 participants; compared with baseline values, MPAP and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) decreased by 18% and 37%, respectively. Baseline CMR imaging revealed an elevated RV end-diastolic volume index (RVEDVI; mL/m2) of 117.5 ± 35.9 and a below-average RVEF of 25.2% ± 7.2%; after 3 months, RVEDVI decreased by 23.7% (P = 0.0061) and RVEF increased by 32.9% (P = 0.0165). Among the 11 patients, 3 were thought to be a stable and homogenous subset in terms of background lung disease and medical management administered. These 3 patients exhibited similar ameliorations in PVR and RVEF, compared with the other 8 patients. PAH-approved drug treatment may improve RV dilatation and systolic function among patients with severe lung-PH. This study was approved by University Hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trials Registry (UMIN-CTR) on September 1, 2013 (UMIN000011541).

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Topics

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Authors

Takahiro Sato, Ichizo Tsujino, Ayako Sugimoto, Toshitaka Nakaya, Taku Watanabe, Hiroshi Ohira, Masaru Suzuki, Satoshi Konno, Noriko Oyama-Manabe, Masaharu Nishimura

Published in:

Pulmonary Circulation Vol 6: No 4 cover image

December 2016

Pulmonary Circulation Vol 6: No 4

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