A porcine in-vivo model of acute pulmonary embolism

Abstract

Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is the third most common cardiovascular cause of death after acute myocardial infarction and stroke. Patients are, however, often under-treated due to the risks associated with systemic thrombolysis and surgical embolectomy. Novel pharmacological and catheter-based treatment strategies show promise, but the data supporting their use in patients are sparse. We therefore aimed to develop an in vivo model of acute PE enabling controlled evaluations of efficacy and safety of novel therapies. Danish Landrace pigs (n = 8) were anaesthetized and mechanically ventilated. Two pre-formed autologous PEs (PE1, PE2, 20 × 1 cm) were administered consecutively via the right external jugular vein. The intact nature and central location were visualized in situ by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The hemodynamic and biochemical responses were evaluated at baseline (BL) and after each PE by invasive pressure measurements, MRI, plus arterial and venous blood analysis. . . . .

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Topics

Animal Models
Catheterization
Embolism

Authors

Jacob Schultz, Asger Andersen, Inger Lise Gade, Steffen Ringgaard, Benedict Kjaergaard, Jens Erik Nielsen-Kudsk

Published in:

Pulmonary Circulation Vol 8: No 1 cover image

March 2018

Pulmonary Circulation Vol 8: No 1

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