Dysregulated metabolism and rarefaction of the capillary network play a critical role in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) etiology. They are associated with a decrease in perfusion of the lungs, skeletal muscles, and right ventricle (RV). Previous studies suggested that endothelin-1 (ET-1) modulates both metabolism and angiogenesis. We hypothesized that dual ETA/ETB receptors blockade improves PAH by improving cell metabolism and promoting angiogenesis. Five weeks after disease induction, Sugen/hypoxic rats presented severe PAH with pulmonary artery (PA) remodeling, RV hypertrophy and capillary rarefaction in the lungs, RV, and skeletal muscles (microCT angiogram, lectin perfusion, CD31 staining). Two-week treatment with dual ETA/ETB receptors antagonist macitentan (30 mg/kg/d) significantly improved pulmonary hemodynamics, PA vascular remodeling, and RV function and hypertrophy compared to vehicle-treated animals (all P = 0.05). . . . .