Perioperative events in children with pulmonary hypertension undergoing non-cardiac procedures


Prior limited research indicates that children with pulmonary hypertension (PH) have higher rates of adverse perioperative outcomes when undergoing non-cardiac procedures and cardiac catheterizations. We examined a single-center retrospective cohort of children with active or pharmacologically controlled PH who underwent cardiac catheterization or non-cardiac surgery during 2006–2014. Preoperative characteristics and perioperative courses were examined to determine relationships between the severity or etiology of PH, type of procedure, and occurrence of major and minor events. We identified 77 patients who underwent 148 procedures at a median age of six months. The most common PH etiologies were bronchopulmonary dysplasia (46.7%), congenital heart disease (29.9%), and congenital diaphragmatic hernia (14.3%). Cardiac catheterizations (39.2%), and abdominal (29.1%) and central venous access (8.9%) were the most common procedures. Major events included failed planned extubation (5.6%), postoperative cardiac arrest (4.7%), induction or intraoperative cardiac arrest (2%), and postoperative death (1.4%). . . . .

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Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Pulmonary Hypertension


Meghan L. Bernier, Ariel I. Jacob, Joseph M. Collaco, Sharon A. McGrath-Morrow, Lewis H Romer, Chinwe C. Unegbu

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Pulmonary Circulation Vol 8: No 1 cover image

March 2018

Pulmonary Circulation Vol 8: No 1

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