Right atrial (RA) mechanics have been studied infrequently in children in the past due to technical constraints. With the advent of strain imaging, RA physiology can now be studied in greater detail. The principal aim of this study was to describe functional changes in right heart mechanics of children with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), by using new applications of RA strain. In this retrospective study, we evaluated RA mechanics of 20 patients (age range = 3–23 years) with PAH and 18 control patients. RA longitudinal strain (RALS) and longitudinal displacement (LD) were calculated by speckle-tracking echocardiography. RALS was plotted against LD, producing a characteristic strain-displacement (S-D) loop. Standard indices of right heart function and right heart catheterization data were obtained. Patients were clinically subdivided into “compensated” and “decompensated” PAH. A chart review was performed to identify patients who subsequently developed adverse outcomes, including death, awaiting or received lung and/or heart transplantation. . . . .