Pulmonary endothelial cells express a store-operated calcium entry current (Isoc), which contributes to inter-endothelial cell gap formation. Isoc is regulated by a heterocomplex of proteins that includes the immunophilin FKBP51. FKBP51 inhibits Isoc by mechanisms that are not fully understood. In pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) we have shown that FKBP51 increases microtubule polymerization, an event that is critical for Isoc inhibition by FKBP51. In neurons, FKBP51 promotes microtubule stability through facilitation of tau dephosphorylation. However, FKBP51 does not possess phosphatase activity. Protein phosphatase 5 (PP5C/PPP5C) can dephosphorylate tau, and similar to FKBP51, PP5C possesses tetratricopeptide repeats (TPR) that mediate interaction with heat shock protein-90 (HSP90) chaperone/scaffolding complexes. We therefore tested whether PP5C contributes to FKBP51-mediated inhibition of Isoc. Both siRNA-mediated suppression of PP5C expression in PAECs and genetic disruption of PP5C in HEK293 cells attenuate FKBP51-mediated inhibition of Isoc. . . . .