The impact of right ventricular pressure and function on survival in patients with pulmonary vein stenosis

PVRI Member Authors: Dr. Michelle Sykes, Thomas Kulik

Abstract

Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH), but there is little information regarding the impact of PH on right ventricular (RV) systolic function and survival. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of our patients to explore this and other aspects of pulmonary hemodynamics with PVS. RV function was assessed using qualitative two-dimensional echocardiography. The ratio of systolic pulmonary artery (PA) and aortic pressures (PA:Ao) at cardiac catheterization reflected pulmonary hemodynamics. Reactivity testing employed inhaled nitric oxide + 100% fiO2, or 100% fiO2 only; “reactivity” was a ≥ 20% decrease in PA:Ao. There were 105 PVS patients, although not all had data at every time point. (1) The mean PA:Ao at first cardiac catheterization (n = 77) was 0.79 ± 0.36; at last catheterization (n = 54), PA:Ao = 0.69 ± 0.30; 90% had systolic PAP > one-half systemic. Survival was shorter with PA:Ao > 0.5. (2) Differences in survival relative to RV dysfunction on the first echocardiogram were not significant, although they were using the last echocardiogram. (3) The magnitude of RV dysfunction was positively correlated with PA:Ao. (4) Balloon dilation of PV acutely decreased PA:Ao (–0.13 ± 0.37, P = 0.03 [n = 40 patients]). (5). Of 20 patients tested, 13 were acutely reactive to vasodilators. PH is a major feature of PVS. Reduced RV function and PA:Ao appear to be predictors of survival. Given the importance of PH in this disease, clinical studies of PVS treatments should include measures of PAP and RV function as important variables of interest.

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Topics

Echocardiography
Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling

Authors

Christina Ireland, Julia E. McSweeney, Emily Rosenholm, Kristofer G. Andren

Published in:

Pulmonary Circulation Vol 8: No 2 cover image

June 2018

Pulmonary Circulation Vol 8: No 2

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