Dart to the target: an alternative bull’s eye parametric display for European Society of Cardiology / European Respiratory Society goal-orientated risk reduction strategy in pulmonary arterial hypertension

PVRI Member Authors: Cihangir Kaymaz


Despite the significant mortality and mobidity benefits being obtained with the targeted therapies in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), mid- to long-term survival of patients with this disease has remained unsatisfactory. For earlier and reliable risk stratification in PAH and tailoring the dynamic management strategies, various risk assessment models have been developed. Currently available risk reduction strategy recommended by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Respiratory Society (ERS) 2015 Pulmonary Hypertension Guidelines has been utilized in three recent registries. In this review, we evaluated the risk prediction models and management algorithms in this setting and propose an alternative parametric display, a bull’s eye, dart table scheme for ESC/ERS goal-orientated risk reduction strategy in patients with PAH.

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Functional Ability/ Impairment/ Quality of Life/ Physical Activity/ Exercise
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Pulmonary Hypertension


Ozgur Yasar Akbal, Aykun Hakgor, Hacer Ceren Tokgoz, Seda Tanyeri

Published in:

Pulmonary Circulation Vol 8: No 3 cover image

September 2018

Pulmonary Circulation Vol 8: No 3

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