Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a clinical disorder characterized by sustained increases in pulmonary vascular resistance and pressure that can lead to right ventricular (RV) hypertrophy and ultimately RV failure and death. The molecular pathogenesis of PH remains incompletely defined, and existing treatments are associated with suboptimal outcomes and persistent morbidity and mortality. Reports have suggested a role for the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) in PH, but the extent of UPS-mediated non-proteolytic protein alterations during PH pathogenesis has not been previously defined. To further examine UPS alterations, the current study employed C57BL/6J mice exposed to normoxia or hypoxia for 3 weeks. Lung protein ubiquitination was evaluated by mass spectrometry to identify differentially ubiquitinated proteins relative to normoxic controls. Hypoxia stimulated differential ubiquitination of 198 peptides within 131 proteins (p < 0.05). These proteins were screened to identify candidates within pathways involved in PH pathogenesis. Some 51.9% of the differentially ubiquitinated proteins were implicated in at least one known pathway contributing to PH pathogenesis, and 13% were involved in three or more PH pathways. Anxa2, App, Jak1, Lmna, Pdcd6ip, Prkch1, and Ywhah were identified as mediators in PH pathways that undergo differential ubiquitination during PH pathogenesis. To our knowledge, this is the first study to report global changes in protein ubiquitination in the lung during PH pathogenesis. These findings suggest signaling nodes that are dynamically regulated by the UPS during PH pathogenesis. Further exploration of these differentially ubiquitinated proteins and related pathways can provide new insights into the role of the UPS in PH pathogenesis.